Rwandese boy in a farm.Photo: Flickr/Niels Hanssens
A young woman sorts coffee at the Coffee Washing Station at Musasa, Northern Province, Rwanda. Photo: A'Melody Lee / World Bank
Umugandanda Youth Empowerment and Mentorship Program, Rwanda. Photo: Flickr/Jeannette Kagame

The study findings and recommendations of the Rwanda demographic dividend study informed Rwanda’s National Transformation Strategy and its Vision 2050.In the Foreword of the study report, the Minister of Finance and Economic Planning, Hon. Claver Gatete, remarked that:

« The Government of Rwanda acknowledges that targeted and strategic actions are required to unlock the potential of the next generations of healthier, well-educated labour force, considering the youthful population of Rwanda aged 15-35 and children aged 0-14 accounts for 38 percent and 40 percent of our total population respectively compared to 22 percent of population above 35 years. We believe that investment in education is critical to ensure our young people acquire the skills and knowledge relevant to the current and future economy and job markets… »

(More of this testimonial on AFIDEP’s 2017 Annual Report, pg. 9)

Key Details

Population Indicators

  • Total Population (millions): 12.3 (HDR 2019)
  • Population ages 15- 64 (of total ppn-millions): 7 (HDR 2019)
  • Population under age 15 (% of total ppn): 40% (PRB 2019)
  • Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (births per woman): 4.1 (PRB 2019)

Economic development

  • Gross domestic product (GDP) per Capita (2011 PPP $): 2,003 (HDR 2019)
  • Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of ppn): 38.2 (WB 2016)
  • Share of youth not in education, employment or training, total (% of youth ppn): 30.6 (WB 2018)

Health and well-being

  • Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births): 28.9 (HDR 2019)
  • Government health expenditure (% of total): 6.8% (HDR 2019)

Education and skills development

  • Literacy rates, adult (%, ages 15 and older): 70.8% (HDR 2019)
  • Government expenditure on education (% of total): 3.2% (HDR 2019)

Environment and Climate

  • Agricultural land (% of land area): 73.4% (WB 2016)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 19.7% (WB 2016)
Sources:World Bank Reports (WB)UNDP Human Development Reports 2019 (HDR)Population Reference Bureau World Population Datasheet 2019 (PRB)

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